These types of tumors occur on the organs as well as the connective tissues surrounding the uterus. Adnexal tumors are most often noncancerous, but can be malignant.
This type of cyst occurs when the duct of the Bartholin's gland becomes blocked, resulting in the development of a fluid-filled cyst. The Bartholin's glands are a pair of glands between the vagina and the vulva that produce lubrication when they are stimulated.
This condition is the abnormal growth of cells on the cervix's surface. Considered a precancerous condition, it is typically the result of a sexually transmitted infection with the Human Papillomavirus, or HPV.
This is a disorder in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus. This condition is extremely common and can be a very painful condition for the women who suffer from it.
Also referred as a cervical insufficiency, this is a condition that occurs when weak cervical tissue causes or contributes to premature birth or possibly loss of the fetus in an otherwise uncomplicated pregnancy.
These cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form in the ovaries. They are extremely common and most frequently occur in women during their childbearing years.
This condition is a rare ovarian tumor characterized by the presence of thyroid tissue that comprises more than 50 percent of the tumor’s overall mass. The tumor can be benign or malignant and is often treated with surgery.
Fibroids are a type of tumor, usually benign, that grows inside the uterus. They are extremely common and often lead to increased or prolonged menstrual bleeding.
A biopsy is the removal of a small piece of the cervix tissue, which then is tested in the lab for signs of disease or infection. Doctors typically order a biopsy when another medical test suggests that the body tissue is not normal.
Colposcopy is a procedure used to examine the vulva, cervix and vagina for signs of disease. Often ordered after an abnormal pap test, tissue is collected from the cervix and sent for laboratory testing.
During a cystoscopy, a scope is used to examine the bladder. The procedure is done to check for bladder abnormalities or assist during surgeries of the urinary tract.
During an endometrial biopsy, a physician takes a small piece of the uterus to look for abnormal cells. An endometrial biopsy can be performed to check for causes of bleeding or check for cancer.
A hysteroscopy is an exploratory procedure. It allows a doctor to take a look inside the uterus with a small, lighted scope to help determine the cause of abnormal bleeding.
A pap test is performed during a pelvic exam. A physician inserts a speculum into the opening of the vagina in order to examine the cervix and vagina. The cervix is then swabbed in order to test for cancer cells.
This surgical procedure uses a small, lighted tube placed near the female reproductive organs through an incision in the abdomen. Laparoscopy can be used to find cysts, fibroids and infections. Tissue can also be biopsied during the procedure.
A pelvic ultrasound is used to get a better view of reproductive organs. Sound waves are used to create images of the pelvis and lower abdominal region.
Cryosurgery is the use of extreme cold in order to destroy diseased tissue. This procedure can be performed at a doctor's office or an operating room, depending on the reason for having the procedure.
D&C, or dilation and curettage, is a surgical procedure usually performed after a miscarriage. Dilation means to open up the cervix, and curettage means to remove the contents of the uterus.
Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the uterus and may also involve the removal of the cervix, ovaries and the fallopian tubes.
This procedure uses a heated, wire loop in order to remove cells and tissue. The LEEP procedure can be used as part of treatment or to help make a diagnosis of cancerous or abnormal cells and tissue.
A myomectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove uterine fibroids. Uterine fibroids are usually benign, but uncomfortable tumors that grow in the uterus.